Perintah Dasar Pada Mikrotik Router

Perintah Dasar Pada Mikrotik RouterDeteksi kartu jaringan
interface print
rubah nama kartu jaringan
interface set ether1 name= PUBLIC
interface set ether2 name= LOCAL
interface set ether3 name= PROXY
rubah hostname
system identity set name= ROUTER

Setting dasar
system identity set name='ROUTER'
ip address add address=10.32.100.254
ip route add gateway=10.32.200.1
ip dns set primary=202.134.0.155 scondary=202.130.193.74
ip firewall nat add shain=srcnat action=masquerade out-interface=PUBLIC


ip firewall address-list
add list=ournetwork address=10.32.200.0/24 comment="IP Junifer Jardiknas" disabled=no
add list=ournetwork address=192.168.0.0/24 comment="IP LAN" disabled=no
add list=ournetwork address=192.168.1.0/30 comment="IP VLAN" disabled=no
add list=ournetwork address=172.16.8.0/24 comment="IP ICTC" disabled=no
add list=ournetwork address=172.16.6.0/24 comment="IP RADIOICTC" disabled=no

Setting keamanan
Buat skrtip berikut menggunakan notepad kemudian copy-paste ke console mikrotik
Selanjutnya copy-paste skrip berikut pada console mikrotik

ip firewall filter
add chain=forward connection-state=established action=accept comment="allow established connections" disabled=no
add chain=forward connection-state=related action=accept comment="allow related connections" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=udp dst-port=135-139 action=drop comment="Drop Messenger Worm" disabled=no
add chain=forward connection-state=invalid action=drop comment="drop invalid connections" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=135-139 action=drop comment="Drop Blaster Worm" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1433-1434 action=drop comment="Worm" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=445 action=drop comment="Drop Blaster Worm" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=udp dst-port=445 action=drop comment="Drop Blaster Worm" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=593 action=drop comment="_______" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1024-1030 action=drop comment="________" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1080 action=drop comment="Drop MyDoom" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1214 action=drop comment="________" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1363 action=drop comment="ndm requester" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1364 action=drop comment="ndm server" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1368 action=drop comment="screen cast" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1373 action=drop comment="hromgrafx" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1377 action=drop comment="cichlid" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=2745 action=drop comment="Bagle Virus" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=2283 action=drop comment="Drop Dumaru.Y" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=2535 action=drop comment="Drop Beagle" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=2745 action=drop comment="Drop Beagle.C-K" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=3127 action=drop comment="Drop MyDoom" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=3410 action=drop comment="Drop Backdoor OptixPro" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=4444 action=drop comment="Worm" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=udp dst-port=4444 action=drop comment="Worm" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=5554 action=drop comment="Drop Sasser" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=8866 action=drop comment="Drop Beagle.B" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=9898 action=drop comment="Drop Dabber.A-B" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=10000 action=drop comment="Drop Dumaru.Y, sebaiknya tidak didisable karena juga sering digunakan utk vpn atau webmin" disabled=yes
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=10080 action=drop comment="Drop MyDoom.B" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=12345 action=drop comment="Drop NetBus" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=17300 action=drop comment="Drop Kuang2" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=27374 action=drop comment="Drop SubSeven" disabled=no
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=65506 action=drop comment="Drop PhatBot, Agobot, Gaobot" disabled=no
add chain=forward action=jump jump-target=virus comment="jump to the virus chain" disabled=no
add chain=input connection-state=established action=accept comment="Accept established connections" disabled=no
add chain=input connection-state=related action=accept comment="Accept related connections" disabled=no
add chain=input connection-state=invalid action=drop comment="Drop invalid connections" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=udp action=accept comment="UDP" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=icmp limit=50/5s,2 action=accept comment="Allow limited pings" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=icmp action=drop comment="Drop excess pings" disabled=no

add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=21 src-address-list=ournetwork action=accept comment="FTP" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=22 src-address-list=ournetwork action=accept comment="SSH for secure shell" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=23 src-address-list=ournetwork action=accept comment="Telnet" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=80 src-address-list=ournetwork action=accept comment="Web" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=8291 src-address-list=ournetwork action=accept comment="winbox" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=1723 action=accept comment="pptp-server" disabled=no
add chain=input src-address-list=ournetwork action=accept comment="From Datautama network" disabled=no
add chain=input action=log log-prefix=”DROP INPUT” comment="Log everything else" disabled=no
add chain=input action=drop comment="Drop everything else" disabled=no

Efek dari skrip diatas adalah:
router mikrotik hanya dapat diakses FTP, SSH, Web dan Winbox dari IP yang didefinisikan dalam address-list "ournetwork" sehingga tidak bisa diakses dari sembarang tempat.
Port-port yang sering dimanfaatkan virus di blok sehingga traffic virus tidak dapat dilewatkan, tetapi perlu diperhatikan jika ada user yang kesulitan mengakses service tertentu harus dicek pada chain="virus" apakah port yang dibutuhkan user tersebut terblok oleh firewall.
Packet ping dibatasi untuk menghindari excess ping.




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+ komentar + 3 komentar

22 Oktober 2009 07.23

Ini dia yang gw cari2 ..bahasan tentang router.. heuum..hampir sama kayak setting switch yaa.. okay.. THX sob..MantaaB ;-)

22 Oktober 2009 09.47

Terimakasih udah berkunjung di Iq-Network.Blogspot.com....!!

Aq post tentang router coz ada tugas soal Router...!! Hehehe!!

26 Januari 2011 15.46

artikelnya bagus banget.... udah lengkap dan mendetail.

kalau masih ada yg kesulitan bisa menggunakan jasa kami di www.jasa-warnet.com

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